Title Charting the Future of Aquaculture Feeds in the United States
Authers Michael B. RUST
Keywords aquaculture feeds initiative, economics, environment, human health
Citation Bull. Fish. Res. Agen. No.35, 23-30, 2012
Abstract
The development and expansion of farming of carnivorous fish species will be constrained by a limited supply of fishmeal and fish oil for feeds. There is no dietary requirement for specific amounts of fishmeal or fish oil for fish, so feeds that lessen the reliance on these limited feedstuffs -such as alternative protein and oil resources -can, and must, be developed. For this reason, the U.S. Department of Commerce (NOAA) and the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) jointly sponsored an aquaculture feeds initiative to address those issues. The initiative used expert and public consultations to identify and discuss the future of fish feeds and the benefits to the U.S. by the development of such alternative feeds. The resulting report from these meetings was released in draft form for comment at the end of 2010 and was finalized in 2011. This paper covers the processes taken to arrive at the recommendations. The report is available at http://aquaculture.noaa.gov
 The report calls for feeds to be evaluated not only for nutritional and economic performance as is done today, but also for environmental and human health performance by taking into account the environmental footprint of feed production and use, and the resulting quality of the product for human consumption. This“triple bottom line approach”-economics, environment and human health -is supported by 20 specific recommendations. Implantation of these recommendations has already started in some cases, but will take time to be fully developed.
URI http://www.fra.affrc.go.jp/bulletin/bull/bull35/35-4.pdf